Malnutrition Solution Center

ASPEN focuses on reducing the incidence of malnutrition by providing educational support and resources to healthcare professionals and consumers, and through advocacy work for malnutrition prevention and treatment.
 

HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS  |  CONSUMERS  |  MAW HOME

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Healthcare Professionals

Here are resources to help clinicians detect, diagnose, prevent, and treat disease-related malnutrition.

GENERAL RESOURCES  |  MALNUTRITION QUALITY MEASURES
SCREENING AND ASSESSMENT  |  GLIM  |  EVALUATION RESOURCES
SPECIFIC POPULATIONS  INTERNATIONAL  |  ADVOCACY

GENERAL MALNUTRITION RESOURCES

  • Nutrition Care Pathways
    The Nutrition Care Pathways indicate best practices and guide clinicians—step by step—through the nutrition care process, from admission to discharge. Each step in the pathway is supplemented with resources to use in developing nutrition care plans for patients.


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MALNUTRITION QUALITY MEASURES

Global Malnutrition Composite Score
The Global Malnutrition Composite Score (GMCS) electronic clinical quality measure is comprised of four components reflecting inpatient malnutrition identification and care. It was adopted by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) as part of the Hospital Inpatient Quality Reporting Program and will go into effect in 2024. These tools and resources are provided to guide implementation of the measure.


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SCREENING AND ASSESSMENT RESOURCES

The first step in addressing malnutrition is to identify those who may be malnourished or who are at risk of malnutrition. This is accomplished through nutrition screening, a standard required by the Joint Commission. Those identified to be at nutrition risk through screening should undergo a nutrition assessment. The following resources assist practitioners in developing nutrition screening and assessment processes.

NUTRITION SCREENING TOOLS

Adults

Pediatrics

In addition to the screening tools provided above, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics provides adult and pediatric nutrition screening information and resources in their Evidence Analysis Library.


NUTRITION ASSESSMENT TOOLS

Adults

Pediatrics


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GLOBAL LEADERSHIP INITIATIVE ON MALNUTRITION (GLIM)


What is GLIM?

GLIM (Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition) is a global consensus on core criteria for a malnutrition diagnosis in adults. It was developed as a diagnostic framework to permit malnutrition prevalence, interventions, and outcomes comparisons globally.

GLIM Resources


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ADDITIONAL MALNUTRITION EVALUATION RESOURCES

The table below provides additional malnutrition related resources and publications for adult and pediatric populations.

Nutrition Screening and Assessment  
Adult  
Body Composition  
 
Functional Assessment  
 
Nutrition Focused Physical Exam  
Adult

Pediatric  

 
Telehealth Assessment of Nutrition  
 
Visceral Proteins  
 

 


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MALNUTRITION RESOURCES FOR SPECIFIC PATIENT POPULATIONS

(Topics Listed Alphabetically)

Aging Population

Cancer

Critically Ill

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS)

Malnutrition is one of the few modifiable risk factors identified in ERAS perioperative care pathways. This educational bundle includes:


Gastroenterology

Neonatal Malnutrition

Obesity

Parenteral Nutrition in Malnutrition

Pediatrics

Pediatric Intestinal Failure

Refeeding Syndrome

Short Bowel Syndrome

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INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES

International Resources and Publications

 


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ADVOCACY FOR MALNUTRITION PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

ASPEN continuously works to address malnutrition as a public health issue through governmental and regulatory engagement. Below are select examples of ASPEN’s advocacy work related to malnutrition. Please also visit ASPEN’s Public Policy and Advocacy webpage for additional advocacy initiatives.