Malnutrition Solution Center

ASPEN focuses on reducing the incidence of malnutrition by providing educational support and resources to healthcare professionals and consumers, and through our advocacy work for malnutrition prevention and treatment.

SAVE THE DATE: ASPEN Malnutrition Awareness Week: October 4–8, 2021. Visit this site regularly for new resources.  



Read articles from special issues of Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (JPEN) and Nutrition in Clinical Practice (NCP). In recognition of Malnutrition Awareness Week, they are all free access to non-members until January 31, 2021.

NCP: Identifying Malnutrition          JPEN: The 21st-Century Malnutrition Renaissance


Below is a compilation of resources from ASPEN and other organizations to help clinicians and administrators in the detection, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of disease-related malnutrition.


Busy professionals in any time zone and in any country will benefit from these educational videos.


Each day, approximately 15,000 hospital patients with malnutrition go undiagnosed. Patients with malnutrition have higher hospital costs, longer stays, and increased mortality. Please share these infographics on malnutrition with colleagues, patients and their families. 


NEW! Malnourished Hospitalized Patients - Racial, Age, and Income Disparities 


NEW! Malnourished Hospitalized Patients - Readmission Rates 


NEW! Malnourished Emergency Department Patients 

ASPEN HCUP Infographic 2020 Final Thumbnail

Malnourished Hospitalized Patients Are Associated with Higher Costs, Longer Stays & Increased Mortality Infographic

US-UK Malnutrition Infographic

The Impact of Malnutrition in the US and the UK

Malnutrition_An Older Adult Crisis_2019

Malnutrition: An Older Adult Crisis



Protein Supplements for Patients in Long-term Care: When and Why it is Appropriate NEW! Protein Supplements for Patients in Long-term Care: When and Why it is Appropriate Fact Sheet

Nutrition Intervention in Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Programs
Malnutrition is one of the few modifiable risk factors identified in Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) perioperative care pathways. This educational bundle on ERAS includes:

Please share your experiences with perioperative nutrition ERAS programs on social media using #MyERASProgram. Let others learn from your successes and challenges. 

  • What was key to implementing a successful ERAS program?
  • What obstacles did you have to overcome?
  • What patient populations is ERAS used for in your institution?
  • How is patient compliance?
  • How has ERAS impacted patient recovery?

Why Nutrition is Important_Critically Ill Patient_ThumbnailNEW! Why Nutrition is Important Tip Sheets
Learn how to address and treat malnutrition in 1.)  critically ill patients, 2.)  cancer patients, and 3.)  patients over the age of 65

Helping Assess and Diagnose Malnutrition in Your Adult Patients
This one-sheet contains a compilation of resources from ASPEN and Nestlé Health Science to help clinicians with nutrition assessment and treatment of malnutrition.

Malnutrition Matters Slide Deck for Providers 
The Malnutrition Matters Education Program, developed by the ASPEN Malnutrition Committee, addresses the importance of diagnosing and documenting malnutrition in hospital patients. These ready-to-use presentations can be used by nutrition clinicians in training physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants on adult and pediatric malnutrition. ASPEN members have free access to the presentations. Non-members can purchase them for $20 each. Learn more .

Preterm and Neonatal Malnutrition Indicator Card 
This card provides the recommended malnutrition indicators in preterm and neonatal populations, as well as recommended parenteral and enteral energy and protein intakes for neonates. These recommendations are from the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. The card is supported by Mead Johnson Nutrition. View card.

Nutrition Care Pathways 
The Nutrition Care Pathways indicate best practices and guide clinicians—step by step—through the nutrition care process, from admission to discharge. Each step in the pathway is supplemented with resources to use in developing nutrition care plans for patients. Adult Nutrition Care Pathway  Pediatric Nutrition Care Pathway

Malnutrition Quality Improvement Initiative (MQII) Toolkit
ASPEN has partnered with Defeat Malnutrition Today and the Malnutrition Quality Improvement Initiative (MQII) to aid in the efforts to detect and treat malnutrition, particularly among older adults. Access MQII Toolkit.   



Malnutrition Screening and Assessment Tools National Council on Aging

Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA®), Available in Chinese, Dutch, English, Farsi, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Portuguese, Polish, Romanian, Sinhala, Spanish, Turkish and Thai

Screening Tools and Resources

Assessment Tools and Resources


Resources and Publications on the Tools

JPEN Tutorials

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    ASPEN is continuously working to address malnutrition as a public health issue through governmental and regulatory engagement. Below are just some of the projects ASPEN is working on in this area. 

    HCUP Data — Using National Inpatient Data to look at Malnutrition and Patient Outcomes

    • Non-Maternal and Non-Neonatal Inpatient Stays in the United States Involving Malnutrition, 2016 ( PDF)
    • Characteristics of Hospital Stays Involving Malnutrition, 2013 ( PDF , HTML
    • All-Cause Readmissions Following Hospital Stays for Patients With Malnutrition, 2013 ( PDF , HTML)

    The Joint Commission published Addressing Disease-Related Malnutrition in Hospitalized Patients: A Call for a National Goal in The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety.

Administration for Community Living Nutrition Services
Through the Older Americans Act (OAA) Nutrition Program, ACL’s Administration on Aging (AoA) provides grants to states to help support nutrition services for older people throughout the country.

Malnutrition Awareness Week Senate Resolution: Sens. Chris Murphy (D-Conn.) and Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) have introduced a resolution in the U.S. Senate to recognize Malnutrition Awareness WeekTM 2020. We need your help—please contact your local senators to support Senate Res. 716



Cartagena Declaration Video
FELANPE has released a short video explaining the Cartagena Declaration, an international declaration on the right to nutritional care and the fight against malnutrition. The declaration was signed by all FELANPE presidents on May 3, 2019. Watch the video here.  

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  1. Tappenden K, Quatrara B, Parkhurst, ML, Malone AM, Fanjiang G, Ziegler TR. Critical role of nutrition in improving quality of care: An interdisciplinary call to action to address adult hospital malnutrition. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2013;37:482-497. 
  2. Barker LA, Gout BS, Crowe TC. Hospital malnutrition: prevalence, identification and impact on patients and the healthcare system. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011;8:514-527. 
  3. Fry DE, Pine M, Jones BL, Meimban RJ. Patient characteristics and the occurrence of never events. Arch Surg. 2010;145(2):148-151.