Textbooks and chapters
- Rombeau JL, Rolandelli RH.
Clinical Nutrition: Enteral and Tube Feeding
ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co., 1997.
Comprehensive reference text covering metabolic and clinical aspects of malnutrition/starvation in the context of enteral nutrition support therapy.
- Rolandelli RH, Rombeau JL.
Clinical Nutrition: Parenteral Nutrition.
ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co., 2000.
Comprehensive reference text covering metabolic and clinical aspects of malnutrition/starvation in the context of parenteral nutrition support therapy
- Smith MK, Lowry SF. The Hypercatabolic State. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross AC.
Modern nutrition in health and disease
ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1999. pp 1555-1568.
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of endocrine, cytokine and metabolic aspects in catabolic stress states.
- Hasselgren PO. Mediators, hormones, and control of metabolism: Regulation of protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism during critical illness. In: Fischer JE, ed.
Nutrition and Metabolism in the Surgical Patient.
Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1996. Pp 57-104.
Detailed review of cytokine mediators and nutrient metabolism during critical illness.
- Bessey PQ. Metabolic response to trauma and infection. In: Fischer JE, ed.
Nutrition and Metabolism in the Surgical Patient.
Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1996. pp 601-622.
Review of nutritional/metabolic responses to surgery and other forms of stress, including excellent overview of hormonal control.
- Ziegler, TR. Fuel Metabolism and Nutrient Delivery in Critical Illness. In: Becker KL and Nylen ES (Eds):
Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism
. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 2000 (in press).
Review of major aspects of fuel metabolism in severe illness and outlines strategies for nutrient delivery in critical care.
- Wilmore DW. Alterations in protein, carbohydrate, and fat metabolism in injured and septic patients.
J Am Coll Nutr
Comprehensive review of metabolic responses to injury in the pre-cytokine era; relevant with regard to classical endocrine hormonal responses.
- Wilmore DW, Smith RJ, O'Dwyer ST, Jacobs DO, Ziegler TR, Wang XD. The gut: A central organ after surgical stress.
104: 917-923, 1988.
Classic report on the importance of gut-derived sepsis and metabolic responses and etiology of bacterial translocation.
- Hasselgren PO. Pathways of muscle protein breakdown in injury and sepsis.
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care
Comprehensive review of hormonal/cytokine alterations and responses during cataboic stress.
- Wilmore DW. Metabolic response to severe surgical illness: an overview.
World J Surg
24: 705-711, 2000.
Update on hormonal/cytokine responses to severe trauma and surgical illness.
- Edwards PD, Moldawer LL. Role of cytokines in the metabolic response to stress
. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care
Review of the role of circulating and tissue cytokines during catabolic stress.
- Van den Berghe GH. The neuroendocrine stress response and modern intensive care: the concept revisited.
Comprehensive overview of neuroendocrine/hormonal responses in critical illness.
- DeWitt RC, Kudsk KA. The gut's role in metabolism, mucosal barrier function, and gut immunology.
Inf Dis Clin N Am
Comprehensive review of gut barrier dysfunction during illness
- Gelfand RA, Matthews DE, Bier RM, Sherwin RS. Role of counterregulatory hormones in the catabolic response to stress.
J Clin Invest
74: 2238-2248, 1984.
Classic paper on role of counterregulatory hormones during catabolic stress.
- Monk DN, Plank LD, Franch-Arcas G, et al. Sequential changes in the metabolic response in critically injured patients during the first 25 days after blunt trauma.
223: 395-405, 1996.
Comprehensive study of body composition and metabolic responses in ICU trauma patients.
- Cuthbertson DP. Observations on the disturbances of metabolism produced by injury to the limbs.
Q J Med
1: 233-244, 1932.
Classic paper confirming loss of nitrogen after traumatic stress.
- Cuthbertson DP. The physiology of convalescence after injury.
Br Med Bull
3: 96-102, 1945.
Seminal review of metabolic responses to injury.
- Shaw JHF, Wildbore M, Wolfe RR. Whole body protein kinetics in severely septic patients.
205: 288-294, 1987.
Quantitative assessment of protein metabolism and nitrogen balance in sepsis.
- Shaw JHF, Wolfe RR. An integrated analysis of glucose, fat and protein metabolism in severely traumatized patients.
209: 63-72, 1989.
Detailed integration of glucose, fat and protein metabolism after severe injury.
- See cases provided in chapter 7 (Gastrointestinal Disease), chapter 9 (Pulmonary Disease) and chapter 12 (Parenteral Nutrition) in Morrison G, Hark L
. Medical Nutrition and Disease.
ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Science, 1999.
- Zeisel S (ed).
Nutrition and Stress.
Nutrition in Medicine
. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina.
Clinical algorithms, practice standards, position papers
- Cerra FB, Benitez MR, Blackburn GL, et al. Applied nutrition in ICU patients. A consensus statement of the American College of Chest Physicians.
. 111: 769-78, 1997.
Position paper on nutritional support in the ICU setting.
The science and practice of nutrition support: a case-based core curriculum.
Dubuque, IA, 2001, Kendall/Hunt.
A broad reference addressing all aspects of nutrition support.
Shikora SA, Martindale RG, Schwaitzberg SB, eds.
Nutritional considerations in the intensive care unit: science, rationale, and practice
. Dubuque, IA, 2002, Kendall/Hunt.