Textbooks and chapters  

  • Baker RD, Baker SS, Davis AM, Pediatric Parenteral Nutrition , Chapman and Hall, New York, 1997. A more recent compilation of practical clinical chapters on pediatric parenteral nutrition.  
  • Fomon SJ. Nutrition of Normal Infants , 3rd ed., Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1993. 3 rd edition of a classic monograph on normal infant nutrition.  
  • Grand RJ, Sutphen JL, Dietz WH, eds. Pediatric Nutrition, Theory and Practice , Butterworths, Boston, 1987. Another comprehensive multi-authored medical textbook on pediatric nutrition.  
  • Hendricks KM, Duggan C, Walker WA. Manual of Pediatric Nutrition , 3 rd Ed, BC Decker: Hamilton, 2000. Reference manual for practical guidelines for nutrition therapy of well and hospitalized infants and children.  
  • Jelliffe DB, Jelliffe EFP. Human Milk in the Modern World, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford 1989. The first comprehensive account of the role of human milk in the modern world, viewing the issues and problems from many angles.  
  • Kerner J, Manual of Pediatric Parenteral Nutrition , J. Wiley and Sons, New York, 1983. Unfortunately out-of-print and hopefully awaiting a new edition, but one of the best concise clinical handbooks on TPN in pediatrics.  
  • Krebs NF, Hambidge KM. Normal childhood nutrition and its disorders. In: Current Pediatric Diagnosis and Treatment , 14th Edition, (Hay WW, Groothuis JR, Hayward AR, Levin MJ, eds), Appleton & Lange, 2000. Thorough chapter on normal pediatric nutrition needs and infant feeding practices. Also discusses nutrition disorders and the appropriate use of intravenous nutrition.  
  • Lawrence R. Breastfeeding: A Guide for the Medical Profession , ed 5. Mosby-Year Book, 2000. Comprehensive text on physiology of lactation and breastfeeding; includes referenced discussions on maternal and infant nutrition issues, medical management of breastfeeding problems, etc.  
  • Lawrence R. Approach to breastfeeding. In: Walker WA, Watkins JB. Nutrition in Pediatrics . Basic Science and Clinical Applications; 2 nd Ed. BC Decker Inc, Hamilton, Ontario, 1997. An excellent summarization of the value of human milk, the advantages of breastfeeding, the clinical management of lactation, and the diagnosis and treatment of problems.  
  • Lo CW, Human milk: nutritional properties, in Walker WA and Watkins JB, eds. Nutrition in Pediatrics , 2nd ed., BC Decker, Hamilton, Ontario, 1996. Chapter concisely outlining the biochemical constituents of human milk.  
  • Story M, Holt K, Sofka D, eds, 2000. Bright Futures in Practice: Nutrition . Arlington, VA: National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health. Anticipatory nutrition guidance & nutrition assessment guidelines for healthcare providers for all pediatric age groups.  
  • Tsang RC, Nichols BL, Nutrition During Infancy , Hanley and Belfus, Philadelphia, 1988. A classic text on infant nutrition (both term and preterm).  
  • Walker WA, Watkins JB. Nutrition in Pediatrics . Basic Science and Clinical Applications; 2 nd Ed. BC Decker Inc, Hamilton, Ontario, 1997. Comprehensive review of general concepts of nutrition as they pertain to pediatrics, as well as relevant information on the nutritional management of specific disease states.  
  • Committee on Nutrition, American Academy of Pediatrics, Pediatric Nutrition Handbook . 4 th Ed. Comprehensive handbook w/ summaries of issues and recommendations for normal infant and childhood nutrition practices.  

Review Articles  

  • American Academy of Pediatrics Work Group on Breastfeeding. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics 1997; 100:1035. Policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics reflecting advances in scientific knowledge about the benefits of breastfeeding. This document summarizes benefits of breastfeeding to mother, infant, and to the nation. It also discusses principles to guide the promotion, initiation, and maintenance of breastfeeding.  
  • Neifert MR. Clinical aspects of lactation. Promoting breastfeeding success. Clinics in Perinatology 1999; 26:281-306. Article offering counseling strategies to help physicians promote successful breastfeeding, prevent problems, and manage common lactation difficulties.  
  • Neifert MR. The optimization of breastfeeding in the perinatal period. Clinics in Perinatology. June 1998; 25(2):303-326. Thorough article covering nearly all aspects of breastfeeding with practical strategies for promoting successful breastfeeding.  

Seminal papers  

  • Dewey KG, Peerson JM, Brown KH, et al. Growth of breastfed infants deviates from current reference data: A pooled analysis of U.S., Canadian, and European Data Sets. Pediatrics 1995;96: 495. Data from 7 longitudinal studies of infant growth in North America and northern Europe were pooled and compared to WHO/CDC references demonstrating that breastfed infants exhibit a different growth pattern from formula fed infants, suggesting the need for new reference data for infant growth charts  

Case studies  

Mediated materials  

  • Zeisel S (ed). Maternal and Infant Nutrition and Nutrition and Growth . CD-ROMs in: Nutrition in Medicine . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina.

Web sites  

Clinical algorithms, practice standards, position papers  

  • American Academy of Pediatrics, Breastfeeding Health Supervision, 1999. Provides tools to aid breastfeeding instruction and care to routine visits during the first year. Manual is organized according to age of the child, providing guidance on breastfeeding issues at each health supervision visit.  
  • Health Care Provider's Breastfeeding Support Kit; (Funded by US Dept Health & Human Services, Health Resources & Services Administration, Maternal & Child Health Bureau; US Dept of Agriculture, Food & Nutrition Service; Best Start Social Marketing (1-800-277-4975)
  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Nutrition. Policy Statement: The use of fruit juice in the diets of young children. Feb. 1991. AAP News.
  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Nutrition. Policy Statement: Soy Protein-based Formulas: Recommendations for Use in Infant Feeding. Pediatrics. January 1998; 101(1):148-153.
  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Nutrition. Policy Statement: The use of whole cow's milk in infancy. Pediatrics. June 1992 Part1; 89(6):1105-1109.
  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Work Group on Breastfeeding. Policy Statement: Breastfeeding and the use of Human Milk. Pediatrics. Dec. 1997; 100(6):1035-1039.
  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Nutrition. Policy Statement: Hypoallergenic Infant Formulas. Pediatrics . Aug. 2000; 106(2):346-349.

Human Milk: What's the Difference?