Review Papers

Blair SN, LaMonte MJ, Nichaman MZ. The evolution of physical activity recommendations: how much is enough? A succinct review of the role of physical activity as part of public health recommendations.

Brooks GA, Butte NF, Rand WM, et al. Chronicle of the Institute of Medicine physical activity recommendation: how a physical activity recommendation came to be among dietary recommendations. Am J Clin Nutr 2004; 79: 921S-930S. Specific recommendations are made for physical activity for adults and children.

Castaneda C. Diabetes control with physical activity and exercise. Nutr Clin Care 2003; 6: 89-96. The effects of physical activity on glucose homeostasis are reviewed.

Prentice A, Jebb S. Energy intake/physical activity interactions in the homeostasis of body weight regulation. Nutr Rev 2004; 62: S98-S104. Evidence-based associations between energy-dense diets and sedentary lifestyle on body weight.

Prentice RL, Willett WC, Greenwald P, et al. Nutrition and physical activity and chronic disease prevention: research strategies and recommendations. J Natl Cancer Inst 2004; 96: 1276-1287. Methodological recommendations are made for research on physical activity and diet.

Thompson PD, Buchner D, Pina IL, et al. Exercise and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Circulation 2003; 107: 3109-3116. Specific recommendations on physical activity in cardiovascular disease.

Zinna EM, Yarasheski KE. Exercise treatment to counteract protein wasting of chronic diseases. Curr Op Clin Nutr Metab Care 2003; 6: 87-93. Geriatric cachexia and sarcopenia are managed with progressive resistance training to build contractile muscle protein mass and decrease muscle wasting.

Original Reports

Donnelly JE, Hill JO, Jacobsen DJ, et al. Effects of a 16-month randomized controlled exercise trial on body weight and composition in young, overweight men and women: The Midwest Exercise Trial. Arch Int Med 2003; 163: 1343-1350. Moderate-intensity exercise for 16 months controls weight in young adults.

Going S, Lohman T, Houtkooper L, et al. Effects of exercise on bone mineral density in calcium-replete postmenopausal women with and without hormone replacement therapy. Osteoporos Int 2003; 14: 637-643. The group randomized to exercise had greater bone mineral density.

Jeffery RW, Wing RR, Sherwood NE, et al. Physical activity and weight loss: does prescribing higher physical activity goals improve outcome? Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 78: 684-689. Increased physical activity promotes long-term weight loss.

Nelson ME, Layne JE, Bernstein MJ, et al. The effects of multidimensional home-based exercise on function performance in elderly people. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2004; 59: 154-160. Functional performance is increased with home-based minimally supervised exercise in the elderly.

Ross R, Janssen I, Dawson J, et al. Exercise-induced reduction in obesity and insulin resistance in women: a randomized controlled trial. Obes Res 2004; 12: 789-798. Even without caloric restriction, exercise was associated with decreased fat and insulin resistance in women.

Fiatarone MA, O'Neill EF, Ryan ND, et al. Exercise training and nutritional supplementation for physical frailty in very elderly people. N Engl J Med 1994; 330: 1769-1775. Progressive resistance training counteracts muscle weakness and frailty.