Textbooks and chapters  

  • Bales CW, Ritchie CS. Handbook of Clinical Nutrition and Aging (Nutrition and Health). Totowa, N.J.: Humana Press 2004. This resource for health professionals aims to present a comprehensive overview of the role of clinical nutrition in preserving the health of the elderly--especially those suffering from chronic disease.  
  • Ausman LM, Russell RM. Nutrition in the Elderly. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross AC.
  • Modern nutrition in health and disease
  • 9 th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1999. pp 869-884. This chapter provides a comprehensive review of geriatric nutrition, including causes and consequences of malnutrition in this patient subgroup.  
  • Watson RR. Handbook of Nutrition in the Aged. 3 rd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2000. A general resource on nutrition in aging.  

Review articles  

  • Akner G., Cederholm T. Treatment of protein-energy malnutrition in chronic nonmalignant disorders. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001. 74(1):6-24. A nice overview of nutrition interventions for specific clinical conditions.   
  • Bales CW, Ritchie CS. Sarcopenia, weight loss, and nutritional frailty in the elderly.  Annu Rev Nutr. 2002;22:309-23. A review of the definitions and possible interventions for these common geriatric nutritional syndromes  
  • Chernoff R. Nutrition and health promotion in older adults.  J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2001 Oct;56 Spec No 2:47-53. A review of nutritional recommendations to promote health in older adults.  
  • Refai W, Seidner DL. Nutrition in the elderly. Clin Geriatric Med 1999;15:607-25. A comprehensive review of aging and nutrition, with nutrition recommendations for health and disease.  
  • Lesourd B, Mazari L. Nutrition and immunity in the elderly. Proc Nutr Soc 1999;58:685-95. A review on immune changes with aging.  
  • Morley JE, Silver AJ. Nutritional issues in nursing home care. Ann Intern Med 1995;123:850-9. Comprehensive review on this topic.  
  • Morley JE. Pathophysiology of anorexia. Clin Geriatr Med. 2002;18:661-73. A review of the physiologic factors responsible for anorexia in older persons and of the major pathologic processes responsible for producing protein-energy malnutrition in older persons.  
  • Li I. Feeding tubes in patients with severe dementia.  Am Fam Physician. 2002; 65:1605-10, 1515. A measured and thoughtful review of the current literature relating to tube feeding and dementia with creative recommendations regarding hand-feeding.  
  • Thomas DR . Vitamins in health and aging. Clin Geriatr Med. 2004 May;20:259-74. A review of specific vitamins and the data regarding their health effects in older adults.  

Original reports  

  • Bourdel-Marchasson I. Vincent S, Germain C. Salles N, Jenn J, Rasoamanarijo E, et al. Delirium symptoms and low dietary intake in older inpatients are independent predictors of institutionalization: a 1-year prospective population-based study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2004;59:350-4. A study highlighting the importance of dietary intake on health outcomes and utilization.  
  • Cederholm T, Hellstrom K. Nutritional status in recently hospitalized and free-living elderly subjects. Gerontology 38: 105-110, 1992. A study documenting nutritional problems in elderly patients.  
  • Morris MC, Evans DA, Bienias JL, Tangney CC, Wilson RS. Dietary fat intake and 6-year cognitive change in an older biracial community population. Neurology. 2004 May 11;62:1573-9. A study relating trans/sat fat intake to cognitive decline.  
  • Payette H, Boutier V, CoulombeC, Gray-Donald K. Benefits of nutritional supplementation in free-living, frail, undernourished elderly people: a prospective randomized community trial.
    J Am Diet Assoc. 2002;102:1088-95. A study of nutritional supplementation in free-living older adults.  
  • Rypkema G, Adang E, Dicke H, Naber T, de Swart B, Disselhorst L et al. Cost-effectiveness of an interdisciplinary intervention in geriatric inpatients to prevent malnutrition.
    J Nutr Health Aging. 2004;8:122-7. A medium size study demonstrating the benefit of a n early interdisciplinary intervention on reducing protein-energy malnutrition and related hospital-acquired infections.
  • Sullivan DH, Sun S, Walls RC. Protein-energy undernutrition among elderly hospitalized patients: A prospective study. JAMA 281: 2013-2019, 1999. A study of the effect of malnutrition on outcomes in elderly patients.  
  • Yeh SS, Schuster MW. Geriatric cachexia: the role of cytokines. Am J Clin Nutr 1999; 70: 183-97. Comprehensive review on the link between cytokine generation and anorexia/cachexia in the elderly.  
  • Fiatarone MA et al. Exercise training and nutritional supplementation for physical frailty in very eldery people. N Engl J Med 1994; 330: 1769-75. Excellent study on the relative importance of enteral nutrient supplementation +/- exercise and indices of skeletal muscle strength in nursing home-based very elderly patients.  

Mediated materials  

  • Zeisel S (ed). Nutrition for the Second Half of Life . CD-ROM in: Nutrition in Medicine . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina.