Textbook (Chapters)  

  • Heymsfield SB, Allison DB, Heshka S, et al. Assessment of human body composition. In: Allison DB, ed. Handbook of Assessment Methods for Eating Behaviors and Weight-Related Behaviors. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, 1995, 515-60. Comprehensive review of body composition assessment.  

Review Articles  

  • Jebb SA, Elia M. Techniques for the measurement of body composition: a practical guide. Int J Obesity 1993;17:611-621. Comprehensive review of practical and research methods used for measurement of body composition.  
  • Ellis KJ. Human body composition: in vivo methods. Physiological Reviews. 2000;80:649-80. Review of many different methods of in vivo assessment of body composition.  
  • Brodie D, Moscrip V, Hutcheon R. Body composition measurement: a review of hydrodensitometry, anthropometry, and impedance methods. Nutrition. 1998;14:296-310. Overview of these 3 methods of assessing body composition.  
  • Brodie DA. Stewart AD. Body composition measurement: a hierarchy of methods. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism. 1999;12:801-16. Reviews skinfold measurements, electrical impedance, underwater weighing and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry with reference to pediatric studies.  
  • Brandi LS, Bertolini R, Calafa M. Indirect calorimetry in critically ill patients: clinical applications and practical advice. Nutrition 1997;13:349-58. Practical review that discusses clinical applications for indirect calorimetry in critically ill patients.  
  • Heymsfield SB, Matthews DE, Heshka S. Doubly labeled water measures energy use. Scientific American 1994;Mar/Apr:74-82. Excellent overview of the doubly labeled water method for measurement of total energy expenditure.  
  • Schoeller DA. Recent advances from application of doubly labeled water to measurement of human energy expenditure. Journal of Nutrition. 1999;129:1765-8. Review of doubly labeled water to assess human energy expenditure.  
  • Schutz Y, Deurenberg P. Energy metabolism: overview of recent methods used in human studies. Ann Nutr Metab 1996;40(4):183-93. Review of methodology in energy metabolism  
  • Elia M, Stratton R, Stubbs. Techniques for the study of energy balance in man. Pro Nutr Soc 2003;62:529-537 . Detailed review of assumptions and limitations of methods used to measure energy expenditure and body composition.  

Original reports  

  • Wang ZM, Pierson RN, Heymsfield SB. The five-level model: a new approach to organizing body-composition research. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;56:19-28.  Authors introduce a new compartmental organization to body composition.