Textbook (Chapters)

See General Resources, particularly Shils et al .

Review Articles

Becker AE, Grinspoon SK, Klibanski A, Herzog DB. Eating disorders. N Engl J Med 1999;340:1092-8. Review on the assessment and treatment of eating disorders.

Corcos M, Guilbaud O, Paterniti S, et al. Involvement of cytokines in eating disorders: a critical review of the human literature. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2003; 28: 229-249. It is important to understand the role of the immune axis on hypothalamic appetite centers.

Fisher M. The course and outcome of eating disorders in adults and in adolescents: a review. Adolesc Med 2003; 14: 149-158. Review of the literature comparing the disease course in both children and adults.

Kazis K, Iglesias E. The female athlete triad. Adolesc Med 2003; 14: 87-95. Important syndrome associated with eating disorders in young females (amenorrhea, anorexia, osteoporosis).

Rome ES, Ammerman S, Rosen DS, et al. Children and adolescents with eating disorders: the state of the art. Pediatrics 2003; 111: E98-E108. A review from the perspective of the primary care physician and preventive medicine.

Seidenfeld ME, Sosin E, Rickert VI. Nutrition and eating disorders in adolescents. Mt Sinai J Med 2004; 71: 155-161. Review of clinical aspects (medical, nutritional, psychological) of eating disorders.

Original Reports

Laederach-Hofmann K, Graf C, Horber F, et al. Imipramine and diet counseling with psychological support in the treatment of obese binge eaters: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Int J Eat Disord 1999; 26: 231-244. Imipramine is useful for weight loss in obese patients with binge-eating.

Sundgot-Borgen J, Rosenvinge JH, Bahr R, et al. The effect of exercise, cognitive therapy, and nutritional counseling in treating bulimia nervosa. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2002; 34: 190-195. Physical activity is an important treatment of bulimia.

Wurtman J, Wurtman R, Mark S, et al. d-Fenfluramine selectively suppresses carbohydrate snacking by obese subjects. Int J Eat Disord 1985; 89-99. Carbohydrate craving was reduced with d-fenfluramine in obese patients.

Clinical algorithms, practice guidelines and/or position papers

Ebeling H, Tapanainen P, Joutsenoja A, et al. A practice guideline for treatment of eating disorders in children and adolescents. Ann Med 2003; 35: 488-501.